How to be treated with antibiotics

It is impossible to present modern medicine without antibiotics, and names of these preparations even more often can be read in recipes of doctors. At the same time about antibiotics the bad reputation goes: many people consider their too dangerous and consequently their use try to avoid all ways. Others, on the contrary, don't give due value to by-effects of antibiotics and abuse them. How to define, in what cases it is necessary to accept antibiotics and in what it is better to refrain from them? These preparations are how much dangerous and how to avoid occurrence of collateral reactions? You will find answers to these and other questions in our article.

Antibiotic: means from all illnesses or poison?

Antibiotics it is the chemical substances, capable to block development of microorganisms or to cause their destruction. Already from definition it is possible to understand that antibiotics are not that other, as poisons. Really, for many microbes (a bacterium, fungi) antibiotics are very poisonous, but after all we use this property of antibiotics for struggle against infectious diseases. And how to be with influence of antibiotics on a human body? Whether antibiotics are so dangerous to the person, as well as for microbes? Certainly isn't present! Toxicity of the majority of antibiotics in relation to a human body much more low, than in relation to microbes, or in general is absent. This property of antibiotics is named by a selectivity principle.

Many antibiotics are selectively directed on certain structures of the microbes which do not have confidants of analogs in our organism. Despite it the toxic potential of many antibiotics is great enough to harm and to the person.

Usually it is necessary to choose between risk of use of an antibiotic and risk of defective treatment of an infectious disease with all that it implies from this complications. In such situation the choice of doctors far isn't unequivocal. In many cases of an infection at the pregnant women feeding mothers or children of early age, or at patients with chronic illnesses doctors forbid to use antibiotics.

In what cases use of antibiotics is necessary?

Antibiotics urged to struggle with bacteria and consequently their use should be limited to treatment and preventive maintenance of various bacterial infections.

Use of antibiotics in treatment of some illnesses (a pneumonia, infections of urinogenital system, purulent inflammations of a skin, an infection sexually transmitted and so forth) needless to say, but in case of other illnesses it is possible to argue on necessity of use of antibiotics. A classical example of such illnesses is banal cold. Whether it is necessary to use antibiotics in the presence of any signs of an infection? Unequivocally to answer this question it is impossible. An infection infection discord and consequently treatment of each case of illness should start with a real picture of illness. Originators of the majority of cases of cold, for example, are viruses against which antibiotics are absolutely powerless, however in process of illness development a virus infection joins bacterial and consequently in that case antibiotics can be used.

The basic signs of a bacterial infection it:

The decision on use of antibiotics can't be accepted independently. Necessarily consult to the attending physician concerning use of any preparations from group of antibiotics.

To whom antibiotics are really dangerous?

A little to clear a situation with danger of reception of antibiotics it is necessary to consider two questions:

The answer to the first question would be correct to begin with the remark that toxic action of an antibiotic depends not only on its chemical structure, a dose or a way of application. The important factor defining danger of use of antibiotics, specific features of an organism of the patient, its condition are. Proceeding from it, it is possible to allocate some groups of patients and conditions with high risk of use of antibiotics. So, conditions with the raised risk of use of antibiotics it:

Danger of use of antibiotics, however, isn't settled by it. In case of patients without direct contra-indications to use of antibiotics serious collateral reactions can come in a case:

How to prevent development of the collateral reactions connected with use of antibiotics?

Treatment by antibiotics, as it is known, can become the reason of occurrence of some serious by-effects (allergic reactions, toxic defeats of kidneys and a liver, infringement from a gastroenteric path, intestines dysbacteriosis, neurologic infringements). The Most part of the by-effects connected with treatment by antibiotics arises because of infringement of a mode of a dosage or the treatment plan, therefore for avoidance of these complications it is necessary to observe, first of all, in severity the plan of treatment appointed the doctor.

Other complications arising even at correct use of antibiotics (for example, intestines dysbacteriosis) demand carrying out of parallel treatment. For correction of a dysbacteriosis of intestines preparations from group probiotics, for example, are used.

At occurrence of any collateral reactions or deterioration of a condition against treatment by antibiotics it is necessary to inform the attending physician immediately.

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