Should I be afraid of antibiotics

Why mothers are afraid to use antibiotics?

The matter is that antibiotics periodically appoint unfairly, and it happens rather often. It is known that during reception of antibiotics the condition of intestinal flora worsens, and at continuous long reception of antibiotics activity of immune system a little decreases.

However we are much more often than any side effects of an antibiotic therapy we see serious problems because the antibiotic isn't used in time.

Actually at doctors conditions when it is shown and when antibacterial therapy though there are also difficult cases isn't shown are accurately differentiated.

What criteria for prescription of antibiotics?

Purpose of an antibiotic assumes existence of a bacterial infection with which an organism not a condition to consult independently. The first sign of it is the increased temperature more than three days, and it can be and subfebrilny temperature – only 37 degrees, but it lasts monotonously three days. Thus, of course, it is desirable, that the general analysis of blood and the general analysis of urine was made, and besides this three-day temperature look at those changes which are in blood. According to the general analysis of blood it is possible to judge, whether there is an inflammation of virus character or it bacterial.

These are two main criteria. Further. If the condition rather long and it arises not the first time, it is desirable to do radiological research. It can be bodies of a thorax or additional bosoms of a nose. There can be corresponding changes which are a reason for prescription of antibiotics.

Besides, an antibiotic appoint, if at once it is visible that a condition of the child heavy. It is unconditional criterion because any serious condition is, as a rule, accompanied by accession of a bacterial infection.

In some cases the situation of the patient isn't clear up to the end, but it is impossible to hesitate and, proceeding from the overall clinical picture, the doctor makes the decision to appoint an antibiotic. Then we watch and, in process of development of effect of the medicine, upon it becomes clear that the preparation is appointed correctly.

Often people autocratically refuse antibiotics. Than it threatens?

The main danger is a transition of process in chronic (if not to speak about life threat in some cases). But also the early termination of the registered course is very dangerous.

The matter is that courses of all antibacterial preparations are calculated directly on that duration which is necessary completely to cope with this microbe or this group of microbes. It proves to be true numerous researches.

If to stop a course ahead of schedule, such situations are possible that, first, the microbe isn't up to the end destroyed, and it again will lift the head, or the bacterium will lose sensitivity to medicine that generates especially big problems.

If parents insufficiently strictly carry out appointments of the doctor or on the contrary, without the knowledge of the doctor "treat" the child, sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics will decrease, and if with the child there will be something serious, the situation which will demand emergency intervention, the child can appear in very bad situation: the flora of its organism will be simply tolerant to antibiotics. It will be very difficult to pick up a suitable antibiotic that can be extremely dangerous.

But after all everyone is responsible for the health? Perhaps, to leave to mothers to solve?

Know, after all can be and such situation that at the child chronic inflammatory process was created because parents neglect appointments of the doctor and it all the time doesn't recover, is incorrectly treated. Then this child is the constant carrier – and the distributor - any microbe. And it already it, a steady microbe can shatters people around. First of all it concerns infections which are transferred by an airborne way. Such child can sneeze, blow one's nose, cough, and surrounding children can catch.

I want to tell that today a situation not so such, as in those days when ourselves were children. Before means of early generations which gave more side effects were really widespread, quite often led to an allergization. Now is a lot of very convenient in application and safe means.

When the child accepts antibiotics, on what parents should pay attention?

First of all - for intestines work because happens that the child has nausea or a diarrhea. The second is lack of a positive effect at preparation reception. The positive effect even in the first days can be already appreciable. Thus there is such unwritten rule: within three days an antibiotic don't change. The effect can be not in the first day, and on the second, on the third. But if for the third days the effect didn't come is a reason for preparation replacement.

What it is possible to tell about alternative approaches, means which how speak, allow to refuse antibiotics? In particular, whether it is possible to cure infections by application of immunostimulators which now in drugstores there is a lot of?

Bacterial infections, unfortunately, can be cured while only antibiotics, at least, at modern level. As to an immunotherapy – as I am an immunologist, I can tell that it is the dangerous road.

To interfere with immune system at each convenient or inconvenient case it it is far not indifferent for an organism, especially for children's which only just develops which immune system is unstable.

Developing, the child passes some stages when its immune system rather actively changes, and to hope that use immune preparations – and the child completely will settle into shape, is isn't always justified. There are situations when children have an immune system such is that it should help, use a little the corresponding preparation – and everything falls into place, but there are situations when it not only isn't useful, but also is harmful. I can tell that impact on the child of any antibiotic it is simple a drop in the ocean as compared incorrectly used immune preparation can do.

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